Africa Continent

Africa Part Of The Seven Continent World Map And History

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Africa is the second continent (after Asia), accounting for one-fifth of the total land space of ​​the Earth. The western part of the continent borders the Atlantic Ocean borders the Mediterranean Sea in the north. The Red Sea and the Indian Ocean in the east, the Atlantic Ocean in the south.

Total land space in ​​Africa is 1,1724,000 square miles (30,365,000 square kilometers). Measures from 5,000 miles (8,000 kilometers) from north to south and 4,600 miles (7,400 kilometers) from east to west. Its northern end is the Al-Ghīrān point, next to the Al-Abya Point (Cape Blanc) in Tunisia; southern end is Cape Agulhas in South Africa; its farthest point to the east is Xaafuun (Hafun) Point, next to Somalia’s Gwardafuy (Guardafui); at its western end is the Almadi Point (Pointe des Almadies) in Cap Vert, Senegal. In the northeast, Africa joined Asia on the Sinai Peninsula until they built the Suez Canal. The length of the African coastline is 18,950 miles (30,500 kilometers). Shorter in Europe because insufficient entrances and the bays are few or very large.

Africa Part Of The Seven Continent World Map And History

Outside the African coast, it associates several islands with the continent. Among them, Madagascar is one of the biggest landmasses in the world and one of the most important islands. Other smaller islands include the Seychelles, Socotra and other eastern islands; the southeastern islands of Comoros, Mauritius, and Reunion; the southwestern Ascensión, Santa Elena and TristándaCunha; West Cape Verde, Bijagós, Bioko and the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe; and the Azores and Madeira Islands and the Canary Islands in the northwest.

The equator divides the continent into two, so Africa in the tropics. Returning to the Tropic of Cancer in the north and Capricorn in the south. For the uplift of West Africa, most of Africa is in the north of the equator. Africa passes through the first meridian (latitude 0°) from north to south and a short distance east of Accra, Ghana.

The Seven Continent World Map And History

In ancient times, they said the Greeks called the Libyan continent, and the Romans called him to Africa. Maybe Africa’s Latin (“Sunny Day”) or Greek Africa (“Not Cool”). But, the name of Africa applies to the northern coast of the continent and considered extend of southern Europe. It said Romans, who ruled the coast of North Africa for a while, called the Afriga settlement in the south. The land of Afrigs, the name of a Berber communal of South Carthage.

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We can consider Africa as a whole or as a vast plateau. Rises from the narrow coastal zone and comprises ancient crystalline rocks. The surface of the plateau is higher in the southeast and slopes to the northeast. Plateau can divide into a southeast part and a northwest part. The northwestern region which includes parts of the Sahara (desert) and North Africa is known as the Maghreb. Has two mountain regions: the Atlas Mountains in northwestern Africa. Which thought to form part of the extension scheme in southern Europe and the Sahara. The desert of the Ahaggar Mountains (Hoggar).

The Seven Continent World Map And History

The southeastern part of plateau includes plateau of Ethiopia, the plateau of East Africa, and the eastern part of South Africa. The edge of the plateau falls in the form of a steep slope, the Drakensberg Mountains. One of the most striking features of geological formations in Africa is the East African Rift Theory. Which lies between 30° and 40° east longitude. The crack itself begins in the northeastern direction of the continental border and heads south. From the coast of the Red Sea in Ethiopia to the Zambezi river watershed

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This country was rich in mineral resources, including the world’s largest fossil fuels, metal minerals, precious stones, and precious metal reserves. This abundance complemented by a wealth of biological resources. This includes the strong and exuberant tropical forests of Central Africa. The world’s famous wildlife populations in eastern and southern parts of the continent. While farming (self-sufficiency) still controls the economies of numerous African countries. The misuse of these properties has become the most important economic pursuit in the country in the 20th era.

The Seven Continent World Map And History

Weather factors and other influences had a large impact on the pattern of human settlements in Africa. Although areas appear to be more or less inhabited since mankind. Large areas, in the north and southwest of the country, remained uninhabited for a long time. So, although the country is the second continent, it accounts for only 10% of the world’s population. They can say it they populate it. Most of the country has long inhabited by blacks, but in history, it has important immigrants from Asia and Europe. Among the entire foreign settlements in Africa, Arab settlements have the greatest impact. Islamic religions carried by Arabs have spread from North to many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. So many West African are now Islam.

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WHERE TO STAY IN AFRICA?

Image by 1343024 from Pixabay

READ: World Continent General Considerations For Africa Geological History

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